Lake Kariba—one of the largest artificial reservoirs in the world—straddles the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The reservoir is an important resource for agriculture and fisheries; it is also a key source of hydroelectric power for the region. Water first began to fill the reservoir in 1958, following the damming of the Zambezi River. Over a half-century, the lake level has seen ups and downs due to variations in water use and climate patterns.
But in February 2016, water levels near the dam declined to near-record lows—just 12 percent full and within about 2 meters of the lowest level required for energy generation, according to the Zambezi River Authority. The Kariba Lake was created and designed to operate between levels 475.50m and 488.50m with 0.70m freeboard at all times.Many people believe that lake Kariba have extremely gone out of water but with various tributaries still flowing in,
the Lake levels continue rising. During the week under review by Zambezi River Authority, the lake level was closing at 479.79m on 20th May 2016, which is lower than the level that was recorded last year (481.99m) on the same date.All spillway gates at Kariba remained closed during the week under review. Therefore this is not too bad for lake Kariba since it is designed to operate between levels 475.50m and 488.50m. The lake is currently 30 percent full compared to 47 percent full last year as reviewed by Zambezi River Authority.

14 May 2016
20 May 2016
Day This Year %Full Last Year %Full
14/05/2016 479.62 29 482.04 47
15/05/2016 479.63 29 482.05 47
16/05/2016 479.66 29 482.03 47
17/05/2016 479.73 30 482.02 47
18/05/2016 479.75 30 482.01 47
19/05/2016 479.78 30 482.00 47
20/05/2016 479.79 30 481.99 47